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1. Technological process of match manufacturing
(prior to the major reconstruction in 1911)

    1. Conserved wood (Canadian white poplar) by sprinkling at storage area transferred by a portal crane to belt conveyors for further processing.

    2. Machines to remove the bark and to cut to size right stems depending upon next production step requirement

    3. About 60% of stems went to the veneer peeling machine

    4. The straw-cutting machine cut and made right size match chips - some 100 000 000 daily. Then chips were impregnated to no-gleam chips to be dried afterwards

    5. Subsequently dried chips had to be polished, cleaned and sifted for framing

    6. Sifted chips had to be pressed into frames for the next manufacturing step

    7. The frames with sifted in chips are fed automatically in the contraption where the chip's head dip into a mixture of melted paraffin and burning chemical for short moment. After that the chip is transformed in a match. (One of the first automats used in the match factories and the capacity depended heavily upon the number of installed machines)

    8, 12. A certain number of stems (from machines shown at No.2) are fed into the veneer machines that peel thin splinters for inner and outer match boxes respectively

    9, 13. The thin veneer sheets were cut to suitable sizes for subsequent forming of the inner and outer match boxes

    10. An automatic device pastes paper strips over an outer match box

    14. Another automatic device glues a cardboard floor to a formed inner match box

    11, 15. Freshly glued inner and outer boxes had to be dried in the oven-like warm chambers because the used starch paste contained a lot of water. This process part hampered considerably the overall production capacity as it required a lot of manual work.

    16. The inner and outer little boxes transported by air-slides to be stacked and piled up. Etiquettes were glued on the outer little boxes.

    17. Subsequently boxes were stocked in appropriate frames and moved to filling machines. In these machines the inner boxes were filled with the appropriate type and number of matches. Afterwards the outer box was pushed over the inner one thus completing the match-box making process.

    18. At last the rubbing strip was glued and pressed onto outer boxes narrow sides and left to dry. With this step ended the match-box manufacturing.

    19. The ready match-boxes were filled into a packing machine producing small packages containing 10 match-boxes each. Later these small packages were hand-wrapped into larger packets containing a total of 2.000 match-boxes to be ready for the export.

    The production of matches depended upon the intensive manual labour prior to the major reconstruction that introduced even more automation after 1911. Prior to that there were installed: 6 automats forming match heads (pic 7), 26 automats to glue cardboard floors (pic 10), 15 automats to paste paper strips over outer match boxes (pic 14) and 16 automats to glue the etiquette on a ready match box (pic 16). On each of afore mentioned machines toiled two female workers and their task was rather laborious due to the machines working rhythm.